The basic structure of federal government is hardly especially independent—the Constitution does not direct Congress to maintain the same federal government. For example, Congress has the power to regulate interstate commerce (which means regulating taxes). Congress also has the power to regulate interstate migration (which means regulating immigration). Congress has the power to regulate interstate gun commerce (which means regulating slaughtering deer). Congress has the power to regulate interstate fossil-fuel burning (which means regulating coal mining). Congress has the power to regulate greenhouse gases (which means regulating carbon emissions). Congress has the power to regulate interstate natural-gas drilling (which means regulating horizontal drilling). Congress has the power to regulate railroad and airline air travel (which means regulating forest and timber sales). Congress has the power to regulate interstate capital mobility (which means regulating intercontinental shipping).

Since 1967, Congress has enacted nine major capital-transport laws that regulate traffic, financial-depositories, and bank deposits. In the 1970s, Congress passed the Small Business Financial Services Accountability Act and added the United States Transportation Safety Administration. Congress created the Federal Government Accountability Office to oversee federal agencies and inspect federal agencies. Congress is also examining and debating the Section 2804 statute (a 1974 law designed to deter malpractice by health-care providers) and the Better Business Bureau Legal Framework Guidelines (written by representatives of the Alliance for Supermarket Integrity, the Fair Credit Reporting Association, the Institute for Justice, and independent group Safeco). Congress has limited the ability of the Department of Veterans Affairs to achieve a top-up level of care for its treatment. Congress has limited the ability of the American Civil Liberties Union to assert the First Amendment in litigation.

In addition, Congress has provided the National Labor Relations Board an “anchor” permit to be granted for law-enforcement officers to use pepper spray on protesters, to transport officers of state law enforcement in vans to prison, and to use the water-boarding device for a variety of illicit purposes. Congress has expanded liability and injury protections. Congress also has given Federal Election Commission political contribution limits a lower (plus greater) contribution-limit level and also loosened its restrictions on lobbying. Congress has passed domestic-violence laws that prohibit extreme physical violence on the basis of marital sex.

A direct comparison of the structure of federal government would be to compare a single company, without the concentration of controlling assets, without the concentration of administrative functions or without a monopoly operating in a particular industry, with a single, substantial company, without the concentration of administrative functions, and without an extensive concentration of administrative functions. A comparison would be even more direct and complete than a direct comparison of all US government agencies, with its innumerable administrative and computer-administrative functions. A single, substantial company, without a single bureaucracy, monopolistic monopoly operation, a concentrated corporate structure, and a concentrated concentration of interest, would be the basic structure of federal government in all circumstances. Such a structure would be the basis of a vertically integrated government that can function effectively and free from the coercion and influence of a few.