A new study has found that global plastic pollution is set to reach 53 million tons by 2030, surpassing a five-year peak set in 2014. The long-term global average daily volumes of plastic are the equivalent of all dirty water that is currently in the world’s oceans. Waste less than two years old must be incinerated in order to make the plastics into usable litter.
And even if these recyclables reached recycling rates of 50 percent they would still make a living from fishing or other commercial fishing activity. Research has suggested that the amount of plastics in the ocean is estimated to reach 82,000 tons in 2019 from 12,800 tons at the beginning of the year. The publication of The Shipping Journal found that the amount of plastics entering rivers and lakes has risen considerably in recent years – and now accounts for almost 25 percent of all plastic pollution coming into the world’s oceans.Annual litter: Plastic from ocean fails to disappear despite major efforts
Scientists at the IUCN revealed that a combination of pollution, habitat loss and climate change are the main factors keeping waters full of plastic.
Analysing data from 34 shipwrecks in the Alrosa river in Brazil, the researchers found that all four of the major rivers with major plastic pollution are in the tropical eastern region, including the Rio, Pacaraima, and Amazon rivers.
Scientists also found that ten rivers with major pollution of the same river were either alone or by ecological agreement were not contributing to the problem.
The conclusion is that global waste is outstripping current measures and could only be done if the world really realised that we are struggling with a very serious health threat.
The report also warned that the plastic flowing into the oceans through the smaller sea and freshwater bodies may not be sustainable.
This is partly due to the nutrients that are released into the oceans from septic tanks, polluters, and urban land use, but also because plastic is unlike any other food source on the planet and its origin is not known.
Cases of plastic pollution from the ocean had been rising for decades. But last year, new figures from The World Ocean Monitoring Initiative announced a rise to a decade-high in early 2018.
The campaigners were able to take back 873 metric tons of plastic from the ocean in 2018 and raise concerns that their plastic pollution could not be stopped.
Despite this data, scientists are not yet convinced that we are moving towards cleaner plastic solutions.
Paul Sweetser, a researcher at Wageningen University in the Netherlands, said the world’s problems with plastic were largely due to poorer developed countries dumping in the ocean.He added: “Even if we go to a tipping point, if we expect a world of fewer than 50 million tons of plastic and no more than 883 metric tons of (bulk material) produced in the next century, this doesn’t come from the oceans but from sewage.”