The first step toward protecting peoples’ fundamental human rights is to help them fend off threats. Human Rights Watch is addressing the human-rights crisis in Yemen with concerns about the disproportionate access of the government to the country’s citizens and the special protection afforded to women, men, and children. This landmark report calls on the government to make provisions for the rights of people displaced by the conflict and their immediate relatives, as well as for people who are unable to safely return home. No government in the world protects its citizens more effectively than Yemen, where nearly half of the people who fled the country to escape the fighting this summer have been left stranded or displaced beyond a third of their homes. Refugees and displaced people need adequate protection and basic humanitarian assistance, as well as other remedies, to enable them to return home as soon as possible. In order to make progress on these two imperatives, Human Rights Watch urged the Yemen government to take additional steps—if needed—to ensure basic rights for refugees and displaced people, including access to basic humanitarian aid and to shelters that can be used to accommodate the needs of refugees and displaced. Yemen should also bring its conflict-related human-rights violations into the public domain to encourage the prompt prosecution of perpetrators and to provide protection for victims, including the need for general judicial procedures to be extended to victims of abuses by both parties. The Yemen government is obligated to protect the rights of its people and ensure access to humanitarian aid, particularly by refugees and displaced people, by prioritizing internal and transit efforts. All aspects of Yemen’s economy must contribute to creating an environment conducive to refugees and displaced people’s return and to reuniting refugees and displaced people with their new homes. Yemen should give priority to the protection of internally displaced people and should create mechanisms to ensure that a risk-based assessment of the feasible return and protection for displaced people is carried out. Yemen should be able to guarantee the safety of its population and reduce vulnerabilities through continued stabilization and development support, as well as through diversifying its external assistance, including by sharing experiences and lessons from other conflict-affected countries.